Ultrasonic Distance Sensor HC-SRF05 Expand

Ultrasonic Distance Sensor HC-SRF05



The HY-SRF05 is an ultrasonic emitter/receiver used to measure distance with a precision of ~0.3cm

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The HY-SRF05 is an ultrasonic emitter/receiver used to measure distance with a precision of ~0.3cm. It sends out a 40 KHz square wave signal that reflects on objects in front of the sensor. This signal is then read back by the sensor and the duration of the received signal is reflected on the ECHO pin.


 Technical Specifications

Supply Voltage 4.5V to 5.5V (VCC)
Supply Current 10 to 40 mA
Trigger Pin Format 10 uS digital pulse
Sound Frequency 40 KHz
Echo Pin Output 0V - VCC
Echo Pin Format

Output is digital and directly proportional with range

Measurement Range 2cm to ~4.5m
Measurement Resolution 0.3cm
Measurement Angle  up to 15 deg
Connector 5-pin male 


Measurement Procedure and Formula

Distance measurements can be made with microcontrollers in a straightforward manner:

You can find an Arduino Library with code here: http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=106043.0

  • Send a 10 uS wide pulse to the sensor on the Trigger Pin. The sensor will automatically send out a 40 kHz wave.
  • Begin monitoring the output from the Echo Pin and
  • When the Echo Pin goes high, begin a timer.
  • When the Echo Pin goes low, record the elapsed time from the timer and use the following conversion formula:

    Distance (in cm) = (elapsed time * sound velocity (340 m/s)) / 100 / 2

    Note: we divide distance by 2 because the sensor returns the round trip time, which doubles the distance measurement.


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Ultrasonic Distance Sensor HC-SRF05

Ultrasonic Distance Sensor HC-SRF05